**Tutorials**

- Observable Properties of Acids and Bases
- Early Acid Base Theories: Lavoisier and Davy
- Svante Arrhenius' Theory of Acids and Bases
- Johannes Brønsted and Thomas Lowry: Broadening the Concept of Acids and Bases
- Sören Sörenson and the pH scale
- A warning about pH (and pOH) and sigificant figures
- A warning about putting numbers into the calculator
- Strong and Weak Acids: Definitions and Descriptions
- K
_{w}: The Behavior of Water and The Relationship Between pH and pOH - The pH of a Strong Acid or Base
- Intro to K
_{a}: The Acid Ionization Constant - Intro to K
_{b}: The Base Ionization Constant - The Five Percent Rule
- A Trick pH Question
- K
_{a}K_{b}= K_{w} - What are Salts?
- The Hydrolysis of Salts in Water
- A Brief Introduction to Hydrolysis Calculations
- Introduction to Buffers
- Buffers: The Henderson-Hasselbalch Equation
- The Lewis Definition of Acids and Bases
- Examples of Lewis Acids
- Examples of Lewis Bases

- Titration to the equivalence point
- Calculating volumes (10 more prob)
- Calculating masses (10 more prob) (5 more prob)
- Calculating pH (strong/strong)
- Calculating pH (strong/weak)
- Titration curves and acid-base indicators

**Problem Sets**