### Redox RulesWhat is the oxidation number of . . .Problems 1 - 10

Problem #1: N in NO3¯

The O is -2 and three of them makes -6. Since -1 is left over, the N must be +5

Problem #2: C in CO32¯

The O is -2 and three of them makes -6. Since -2 is left over, the C must be +4

Problem #3: Cr in CrO42¯

The O is -2 and four of them makes -8. Since -2 must be left over, the Cr must be +6

Problem #4: Cr in Cr2O72¯

The O is -2 and seven of them makes -14. Since -2 is left over, the two Cr must be +12

What follows is an important point. Each Cr is +6. Each one. We do not speak of Cr2 being +12. Each Cr atom is considered individually.

Problem #5: Fe in Fe2O3

The O is -2 and three of them makes -6. Each Fe must then be +3

Problem #6: Pb in PbOH+

The O is -2 and the H is +1. In order to have a +2 for the formula, the Pb must be a +2

Problem #7: V in VO2+

Two O gives a total of -4. To make the formula have a +1 charge, the V must be +5

Problem #8: V in VO2+

The V is +4. This comes from the one O being -2 and the fact that a +2 must be present on the formula.

Problem #9: Mn in MnO4¯

Four O totals to -8. The Mn is +7, leaving -1 left over.

Problem #10: Mn in MnO42¯

Four O totals to -8. The Mn is +6, leaving -2 left over.