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Example #9: Calculate the final concentration if 2.00 L of 3.00 M NaCl and 4.00 L of 1.50 M NaCl are mixed. Assume there is no volume contraction upon mixing.

Here are the two mole calculations:

x = (3.00 mol/L) (2.00 L)
x = (1.50 mol/L) (4.00 L)

I hope it is obvious that you add the two answers to get the total moles.

The total volume calculation is 2.00 + 4.00 = 6.00 L.

Divide total moles by total volume to get the final answer. The answer is 2.00 M.

Example #10: Calculate the final concentration if 2.00 L of 3.00 M NaCl, 4.00 L of 1.50 M NaCl and 4.00 L of water are mixed. Assume there is no volume contraction upon mixing.

The solution to this problem is almost exactly the same as 10a. The only "problem child" appears to be the 4.00 L of water. Hint: the water contributes to the final volume, but NOT to the total moles. The ChemTeam gets a final answer of 1.20 M in this problem.


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